Extensive reasearch has been performed in this field from a range of academics and academic institutes.

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Cardiac Device Reutilization: Is It Time to “Go Green” in Underserved Countries?

TIMIR S. BAMAN, M.D. and KIM A. EAGLE, M.D.

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Safety, Efficacy, and Performance of Implanted Recycled Cardiac Rhythm Management (CRM) Devices in Underprivileged Patients
REEMA HASAN, M.D.,* HAMID GHANBARI, M.D.,* DUSTIN FELDMAN, D.O.,* DANIEL MENESSES, M.D.,† DANIEL RIVAS, M.D.,†,‡ NICOLE C. ZAKHEM, R.N., B.S.N.,* CARLOS DUARTE, M.D.,†,‡ and CHRISTIAN MACHADO, M.D.*​

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Reuse of pacemakers and defibrillators in developing countries: Logistical, legal, and ethical barriers and solutions
James N. Kirkpatrick, MD,* Christina Papini, MSN, MBE,* Timir S. Baman, MD,† Karthik Khota, BS,‡ Kim A. Eagle, MD,† Ralph J. Verdino, MD, FHRS,* Arthur L. Caplan, PhD*​

Safety of Pacemaker Reuse: A Meta-Analysis With Implications for Underserved Nations
Timir S. Baman, MD; Pascal Meier, MD; Joshua Romero, BA; Lindsey Gakenheimer; James N. Kirkpatrick, MD; Patricia Sovitch, RN; Hakan Oral, MD; Kim A. Eagle, MD​

Societal views of pacemaker reutilization for those with untreated symptomatic bradycardia in underserved nations
Lindsey Gakenheimer & Dave C. Lange & Joshua Romero & James N. Kirkpatrick & Patricia Sovitch & Hakan Oral & Kim A. Eagle & Timir S. Baman​

Pacemaker Reuse: An Initiative to Alleviate the Burden of Symptomatic Bradyarrhythmia in Impoverished Nations Around the World
​Timir S. Baman, James N. Kirkpatrick, Joshua Romero, Lindsey Gakenheimer, Al Romero, David C. Lange, Rachel Nosowsky, Kay Fuller, Eric O. Sison, Rogelio V. Tangco, Nelson S. Abelardo, George Samson, Patricia Sovitch, Christian E. Machado, Stephen R. Kemp, Kara Morgenstern, Edward B. Goldman, Hakan Oral and Kim A. Eagle​

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Safety and Efficacy of Pacemaker Reuse in Underdeveloped Nations: A Case Series

Timir S. Baman, MD; Al Romero, MD; James N. Kirkpatrick, MD; Joshua Romero, BA; David C. Lange, MD; Eric O. Sison, MD; Rogelio V. Tangco, MD; Nelson S. Abelardo, MD; George Samson, BS; Rita Grezlik, BA, MEd; Edward B. Goldman, JD; Hakan Oral, MD; Kim A. Eagle, MD.

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Pacemaker Reuse in a 65-Year-Old Woman in the Philippines with Severe Medical Need
JOSHUA ROMERO, B.A.,* AL ROMERO, M.D.,* JAMES N. KIRKPATRICK, M.D.,† DAVID C. LANGE, M.D.,* KIM A. EAGLE, M.D.,* and TIMIR S. BAMAN, M.D.*

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Post-Mortem Cardiac Device Retrieval for Re-Use in Third World Nations: Views of Funeral Directors
University of Michigan Hospitals; Baman TS, Kirkpatrick JN, Lange DC, Oral H, Goldman EB, Eagle KA

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Post-Mortem Cardiac Device Retrieval for Re-Use in Third World Nations: Views of the General Public & Patient Population
University of Michigan Hospitals; Lange DC, Kirkpatrick JN, Oral H, Goldman EB, Eagle KA, Baman TS